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An Endocrinologist is a physician qualified to examine, diagnose and treat disorders related to the hormones and the glands secreting it. It involves a various range of conditions like thyroid disorders, diabetes, bone or calcium disorders, reproductive organs (ovaries and testes), etc.
You will be asked about personal, medical histories along with your signs and symptoms, followed by certain tests which include both inspection and physical examination like palpation of the gland and certain laboratory tests specific for the condition you are suffering from like thyroid, calcium, sugar, etc., levels. Advanced examining like scans and X-rays can be used.
After all the above, once the diagnosis is made, it will involve conservative management including medicine or lifestyle modification or any surgery, if needed. Online medical platforms have made it easier for the patients to clarify their doubts regarding any hormonal problem by consulting an endocrinologist at the ease of their home. Hence, getting updated about your specific condition is much faster and easier than before.
An endocrinologist is a medical doctor who is trained to identify and treat disorders and diseases of the endocrine system. The endocrine system includes hormones secreted from the adrenal glands, hypothalamus, ovaries or testes, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal gland, and pituitary gland. The common diseases endocrinologist treats are diabetes, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, infertility, menopause, metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, and growth problems.
Consult an endocrinologist if you have the following symptoms:
- Frequent thirst, urination, and hunger, and tiredness.
- Sudden weight gain or loss.
- Growth problems.
- Inability to conceive.
- Loss of sex drive, shrinking testes, and hair loss.
- Increased bone fracture.
- Menstrual irregularities.
When you visit an endocrinologist for the first time, he or she will ask you about your symptoms, conduct a physical examination, and try to assess if your problem in endocrinological. If they think your symptoms are due to hormonal imbalance, you will have to get blood and urine tests to check the levels of different hormones in the body.
Diabetes, acromegaly, adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s disease, hypopituitarism, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOD), and early puberty are some of the most common endocrine disorders.
Endocrinologists treat patients who are obese because of hormonal imbalance or metabolic problems. Some other causes of obesity that an endocrinologist can treat are hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, insulinoma, brain tumor, congenital obesity syndrome, and lipodystrophy syndromes. They help identify and treat problems commonly linked to obesity like insulin resistance and genetic predisposition.
To make the most of your endocrinologist appointment:
- Make a note of all the symptoms you are experiencing.
- Check your blood sugar levels.
- Write down the names of all the medicines you are currently taking.
- Think and write down all the questions that you want the endocrinologist to answer.
The tests that your endocrinologist might suggest you get are blood sugar levels, thyroid function test, serum progesterone test, testosterone levels, tests to check levels of calcium in blood and urine, and levels of other hormones in the body depending on your symptoms.
An endocrinologist diagnoses and provides medical treatment for endocrine disorders, but does not perform surgeries. Endocrine surgeries are performed by endocrine surgeons.
Take your child to an endocrinologist if they are obese, have growth problems (short stature), early or late puberty, enlarged thyroid (goiter), if their bones fractures easily, or show signs of hypoglycemia.
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