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Both obstetricians and gynecologists are trained to deal with female reproductive health, which includes pregnancy and childbirth, and treating diseases affecting the female reproductive organs like ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix. Obstetrics and gynecology are different branches of medicine but are combined together to provide comprehensive care for women. Obstetrics mainly focuses on pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum care, while gynecology focuses on female reproductive organs including breasts.
Obstetrics is the field of medicine that deals with women’s care during and after pregnancy. A doctor who specializes in this field is called an obstetrician. Such a doctor is experienced in delivering babies and provide complete antenatal (during pregnancy) and postnatal (after delivery) care. They can manage high-risk pregnancies and can perform C-sections when needed.
Yes, obstetricians are specifically trained to deliver babies. They can handle deliveries for high-risk pregnancies, and can even perform cesarean if needed.
Delivering a baby surgically is called a c-section. Normal vaginal birth is not an option for a few pregnant women. An obstetrician will monitor your pregnancy and if due to some complications you need c-section, your obstetrician will perform it.
Yes, they are. Obstetricians and gynecologists are trained to perform various minor and diagnostic surgeries. The common procedures include endometrial biopsy, Pap smear, vulvar biopsy, ovarian cystectomy, tubal ligation, hysteroscopy, hysterectomy, cervical cerclage, dilatation and curettage, and C-sections.
Miscarriage before 6 weeks of pregnancy usually does not require any treatment. If you are having a miscarriage, depending on how far along are you, the obstetrician and gynecologist will give medicines that will clear the uterus of pregnancy tissue or perform minor surgery. Your doctor will perform a procedure called D and C (dilatation and curettage), where the pregnancy tissue is manually scraped off the uterine wall.
If you are suffering from conditions of the reproductive organs like irregular periods, intermenstrual bleeding, abnormal vaginal discharge, growth in the vagina or cervix, etc., it is best to consult a gynecologist. And if you want to get pregnant, or are already pregnant, then consult an obstetrician for prenatal and postnatal care.
The conditions that a gynecologist treats are:
You should make sure you consult a gynecologist when your daughter turns 13 years of age, even if she does not have any problems. Most girls start menstruating between 11 and 12 years. The gynecologist will perform a general pelvic examination.
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