Baby Burps (Baby Hiccup,Baby Hiccough,Baby Eructation,)

Baby Burps
Body Parts: Abdomen
Medical Subjects: Children's Health Digestive System Oral Cavity

What Is A Baby Hiccup

Hiccups in infants are a common physiological phenomenon, mostly caused by diaphragmatic spasms. Hiccup and belching are not the same symptoms. At the time of hiccup, diaphragm spasm leads to sudden closure of vocal cord and produces characteristic hiccup sound.


Why Does The Baby Have Hiccups

Like adults, newborns and infants have a layer of muscle called the diaphragm between the chest and abdominal cavity. It separates the thoracic cavity and abdominal cavity, playing a role in separating and protecting the thoracic and abdominal organs.

When a baby sucks milk too fast, swallows a large amount of air, or is exposed to cold environment, the vegetative nerves will be stimulated, resulting in sudden contraction of diaphragm, causing air flow from stomach to throat, and leading to very short-term closure of vocal cord, resulting in typical hiccup.



What Symptom Does Baby Hiccup Have

Babies often make this kind of hiccup regularly after breastfeeding, this is what we often call a baby hiccup.

Hiccups usually occur after eating or crying. They are usually a physiological process and will not cause any pathological problems. As the baby develops and matures, they will generally relieve themselves without transitional intervention.


Under What Circumstances Should A Baby With Hiccups Go To The Hospital

The baby burps generally is the physiological performance, because the baby's diaphragm as well as the vegetative nerve also has not developed perfectly, therefore easy causes the burp.

If there is a temporary hiccup can generally do not deal with, after a period of time, the hiccup can ease on its own.

If the baby burps frequently for more than 48 hours, or if the burps are so severe that the baby is difficult to eat, sleep, or breathe, and has poor appetite, weight loss, or frequent vomiting, you need to consider whether the baby needs to be treated immediately by going to a hospital for other rare causes, such as gastroesophageal reflux, pneumonia, or because it is associated with adverse reactions of drugs.


How To Prevent Baby Hiccup

Pay attention to the posture of nursing the baby.

Use a bottle to feed your baby

  • Choose a nipple hole that is the right size to avoid having a nipple hole that is too large for your baby to nurse too quickly and swallow too much air.
  • When nursing, the baby can be picked up, and the body should be seated upright as far as possible. The feeding bottle should be placed horizontally and tilted slightly to avoid tilting the feeding bottle too much, resulting in excessive milk flow rate.
  • Make sure that the nipple is filled with milk during feeding and try to avoid air entry, which can cause the baby to swallow too much air during feeding.

Breast feeding

  • Make sure that the baby has a deep nipple. In addition to nipples, most of the areola should be sucked on during feeding. The upper and lower lip of the baby should be everted to avoid only nipples being sucked on, which will cause air to be inhaled during sucking.

Pay attention to the nursing environment

  • Try to nurse in a quiet and relaxed environment, and avoid noise, strong light and other disturbances in the process, so as to avoid the baby swallowing a lot of air and hiccups.

Pay attention to the way of soaking milk powder

  • When soaking milk powder, pour a certain amount of warm water first, then pour milk powder, hold the sides of the bottle with both palms, and roll the bottle from side to side to avoid a large number of bubbles caused by shaking up and down.
  • Be careful not to wait until the baby is too hungry to feed, not to feed when the baby is crying violently, and not to eat too fast or too much, otherwise it will easily lead to inhalation of air during breastfeeding.
  • For babies who burp frequently, they can pause temporarily and adjust their posture during breastfeeding, which can slow down their swallowing speed and reduce the air they swallow, and can also pat their backs slightly during feeding intervals.

How To Relieve Baby Hiccups

Can the baby feed when burping?

  • When the baby has hiccups, it is best to stop feeding, and don't let the baby continue to cry and eat milk at the same time. Constantly struggling and crying will make the baby swallow more air, which will increase the discomfort of the baby and even make the baby to vomit.

When do you need to pat the baby's back?

When a newborn has the following three conditions, it is recommended to pat his/her back:

  1. If your baby becomes fidgety after eating, but obviously doesn't eat enough, it may be ready to burp. You can stop breastfeeding and pat your baby on the back.
  2. Your baby is in a hurry to eat milk, and is likely to swallow air when swallowing.
  3. It is easier for a bottle to swallow more air than breast milk, and it is more necessary to pat his/her back in time.

How to pat the baby's back when burping?

  • The shape of your hand

When slapping the baby's back, the hand shape should be like the action of holding water, except the thumb, with the four fingers slightly curved to form a space with the palm. When you pat the baby's back like this, the palm is suspended, so it won't touch the baby's back. This posture prevents the baby from being hurt by overexertion during hiccups.

  • Frequency of slapping on the back

The frequency of slapping on the back can be about 50 ~ 60 times a minute, not too fast to make the baby feel uncomfortable.

  • Time to pat your baby's back

It is recommended to pat your baby's back immediately after feeding, or during the nursing period. If your baby is upset or crying during breastfeeding, you can stop and pat his back before re-feeding. If your baby eats well, you can also pat his/her back after the feeding is finished. It is recommended that each time you pat your baby's back, it should last for 3 ~ 5 minutes.

What are the postures to relieve the baby's hiccups?

  • Let the baby lie on your shoulder

Let your baby lie on your shoulder and pat his back, which is the most common posture. We can hold the baby upright, face to face, and hug it closely, and then let the baby's head lie on our shoulders, so that the baby's chest and abdomen are attached to our chest. 

At this time, we can lean back slightly, or lie half on the bed or sofa for the baby to lean on. Then, hold the baby's knee socket with one hand or hold the baby's ass for fixation, and pat it gently from bottom to top with the other hand along the baby's back.


When you hear the baby's belching sound, you can return to the original holding position, and you don't have to hold it upright all the time.

  • Let the baby sit on your lap

Raise your baby's upper body into a sitting position, sit on your lap, make your baby face your chest sideways, protect your baby's body from the front of your body with one palm, support his chest and head, and let the baby lean forward, so that the baby's chin just rests on your palm. After fixing the baby, you gently pat or touch the back from bottom to top with the other hand.

  • Aircraft holding type

The way of patting the back by aircraft holding type is more suitable for dad, and can hold up the baby with one hand.

We hold the baby's body with our arms and let the baby lie on one of our arms. At this time, the baby's head is at the elbow, while our palms hold the baby's thigh root so that the baby's head is higher than the chest. Then, we gently touch or pat the baby's back with the other hand. Or let the baby lie prone on our legs, hold his head so that it is slightly higher than his chest, and then pat his back or gently draw a circle and touch him.

Matters needing attention:

  • When tapping the baby's back, let the baby's head rise above the stomach, and then tap the baby's back gently from bottom to top. Pay attention to support your baby's neck to avoid shaking your baby's head.
  • If you still don't hear belching after a few minutes, don't worry, just keep feeding, because the baby will not burp every time. After he is full, try to pat, and then hold it upright for 10 ~ 15 minutes to prevent vomiting.



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