Brittle Nail (Onychorrhexis)

Brittle Nail
Body Parts: Upper Limbs Lower Limbs
Medical Subjects: Skin

What Is Brittle Nail Disease?

What is brittle armour disease?

Brittle nail disease is a nail disease, that is, nails become brittle, easily broken broken, generally from top to bottom split nails.

There are many causes for brittle nails, mainly due to patients' living habits, such as long-term contact with water and chemicals, etc.; It could be a disease.

The main treatment is to find the cause of the disease, symptomatic treatment, improve living habits, protect the nails, help nails back to health.

How many people suffer from brittle nail disease?

About 20% of people, and more women than men, suffer from cuijia. Because the main cause of brittle nail disease is the long-term contact with water, detergent, nail polish and nail polish water, etc., and these usually happen in women.

Is Brittle nail and Rough nail disease the same disease?

Rough nail and brittle nail are not the same disease. Roughness is a kind of abnormal deck, which is characterized by rough deck, excessive longitudinal ridges and punctate depressions, and it is easy to break only at the far end of nail. Brittle nail disease is usually caused by cracking of nails from top to bottom.


What Is The Cause Of Brittle Nail Disease?

What are the common causes of brittle nail disease?

The etiology of brittle nail disease may be as follows:

  • Living habits: Touching water, detergent, nail polish and nail polish frequently irritates nails, resulting in changes in the composition and arrangement of nail cells, resulting in brittle nails.

  • Physical diseases: such as onychomycosis, psoriasis, sarcoidosis, etc., can lead to brittle nail disease.

  • Trauma: such as playing piano, ball games, typing on keyboard, etc.

  • Age: With the increase of age, the nails of patients may become fragile, so the elderly suffer from brittle nail disease.

Can brittle nail disease be contagious?

Onychomycosis is a nail disease caused by fungal infection, which is contagious. Patients with onychomycosis are more likely to develop brittle nail disease, which is contagious.

Can brittle nail disease be inherited?

Brittleness is a disease caused by many external causes, which is not hereditary.

In which population does brittle nail disease easily occur?

  • Practitioners who often deal with water, such as kitchen, swimming pool and seafood operators;

  • Practitioners who often come into contact with chemicals, such as manicurists, painters and electroplating workers;

  • Practitioners who often collide with nails, such as programmers, athletes and pianists;

  • Old people.


What Are The Symptoms Of Brittle Nail Disease?

What are the common manifestations of brittle nail disease?

Nail brittle disease means that nails become inelastic, fragile and easy to break, which usually occurs when the outer edge of nails cracks.

Where does brittle nail disease often occur?

Brittleness can occur in fingernails and toenails.

How does brittle nail disease develop?

The most common cause of nail brittleness is poor living habits, which often touches water, detergents and other chemicals, which irritates nails, resulting in changes in the composition and arrangement of nail cells, resulting in brittle nails.

The toenails are also related to nail polish and nail washing water. In addition, when wearing tight shoes, the feet are sweaty and suffocated, which can easily lead to brittle toenails.

What adverse consequences will brittle nail disease bring?

Brittle nail disease can cause the nails of patients to be fragile and easily broken. Not only does it affect the beauty of nails, but also the fine movements of some patients' fingers, such as buttoning, will be affected, which will bring troubles to their work and life.


How To Check For Brittle Nail Disease.

How to diagnose brittle nail disease?

When doctors diagnose brittle nail disease, they mainly refer to the clinical symptoms, occupation, local exposure history of nails and related medical history of patients, and generally do not need special examination.

What should brittle nail pay attention to when a suspicious patient with brittle nail goes to the hospital?

Nail polish, crystal nails and other external substances should be removed before seeing a doctor, so as to facilitate doctors to check nails. If you have any care products, such as cosmetics and tools, you'd better take them with you. Nail polish, crystal nails and other external substances should be removed before seeing a doctor, so as to facilitate doctors to check nails. If you have any care products, such as cosmetics and tools, you'd better take them with you.

What diseases is brittle nail disease easily confused with? How to distinguish?

Brittle nail disease is easily confused with nail exfoliation. The characteristic of nail exfoliation is the lamellar split of nail free edge, which is caused by the damage of adhesion factors between deck cells. Brittleness is usually when the nails split from top to bottom, and the nails are fragile and fragile.


How To Prevent Brittle Nail Disease.

Can brittle nail disease be prevented? How to prevent?

Crispy brittle nail patient  can be prevented to a certain extent, see "Precautions in Life" for details.


How To Treat Brittle Nail Disease.

Which department should I see for brittle nail disease?

Dermatology department.

Can brittle nail disease be cured by itself?

Brittle nail disease usually occurs for reasons. If these reasons are not eliminated, brittle nail disease will not heal itself.

How to treat brittle nail disease?

  • First, cut off the upturned or cracked nails to avoid hurting nail meat, and then smooth the edges.

  • For brittle nail disease caused by many diseases (such as hand moss, foot moss, psoriasis or sarcoidosis, etc.), it is possible to relieve brittle nail disease only by actively treating the primary diseases.

  • For brittle nail disease caused by exposure to chemical substances, long-term exposure to damp environment or trauma, patients need to change their living habits and strengthen the protection of nails.

How long can brittle nail disease get better after treatment?

Because nails grow slowly, it takes about 6 months for fingernails to regenerate, about 12 months for toenails, and 18 months for big toenails to regenerate, so the treatment effect is slow, and patients need patience and persistence is very important.

Does brittle nail disease need to see a doctor?

Brittleness first needs to stop all activities related to nails, such as manicure, soaking nails in water (detergent) for a long time, etc. When this behavior is stopped for 6 months, it still doesn't get better, you can go to the hospital and ask a doctor to assess whether it is caused by the disease.

However, if there are no external reasons for brittle nail disease, you need to go to the hospital immediately and ask a doctor to evaluate the cause.

Can brittle nail disease be cured?

Most brittle nail diseases can be alleviated by taking measures to protect nails and actively treating the primary diseases.

However, if brittle nail disease is caused by living habits, it may be difficult for patients to change it immediately, so the symptoms will not be relieved obviously, and it will often recur.


What Should Brittle Nail Patients Pay Attention To In Their Lives?

What should people with brittle nail disease pay attention to in their diet?

In diet, we should pay attention to variety and balanced nutrition, and ensure that all kinds of nutrition are taken in. Nails are mainly composed of protein, iron, zinc and other elements. During nail repair, you can eat more foods containing these nutrients.

  • Foods rich in iron mainly include: meat, poultry and fish;

  • Foods rich in zinc mainly include meat, especially chicken, nuts and lentils.

What should brittle nail people pay attention to in their lives?

Patients with brittle nail disease should pay attention to the following things in their lives:

  • Cut your nails frequently, it is best to smooth the edges to avoid roughness, which is easy to break longitudinally;

  • It is a good choice to apply moisturizer, vaseline, lanolin, glycerin and urea to your nails.

  • To reduce nail contact with products such as water or detergent, the best protection method is to wear gloves. If possible, it is best to wear two layers. The inside is cotton to protect nails, and the outside is rubber to prevent water.

  • Reduce nail art, don't stick things on nails, and don't use nail polish remover frequently, because chemicals such as acetone inside hurt nails;

  • Avoid nail trauma, such as not picking things with nails, not buckling or biting nails, and not wearing too tight shoes.

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