Dry Dermatitis (Dry Skin, Xerosis, Asteatosis)

Dry Dermatitis
Body Parts: Whole Body
Medical Subjects: Skin

What Is Dry Dermatitis

What disease is dry dermatitis?

The terms dry dermatitis and dry eczema are often confused, and it is particularly easy to refer to dry dermatitis as dry eczema in clinic.

Dry dermatitis, also known as xerosis cutis, xerosis cutis and asteatosis, refers to the skin with rough and dry texture and fine scales, or with small cracks, which is related to many external factors and/or disease state.

Dry eczema, also known as chapped eczema, dyslipidemia eczema and dry dermatitis, is a common pruritic dermatitis developed from dry dermatitis, which usually occurs in the lower limbs of the elderly, and then may spread to the thighs, proximal limbs and trunk, prone to winter, related to the moisture loss in the stratum corneum caused by age-related skin barrier damage.

Dry dermatitis can persist for many years and develop slowly until subacute or acute progression to dry eczema occurs in a short time, when dry dermatitis is accompanied by varying degrees of redness, and even exudation, scabbing, pruritus and/or scratches.


What Disease Is Dry Dermatitis?

The most common cause of dry dermatitis is aging, and dry dermatitis to different degrees (and can develop into dry eczema) almost occurs after the age of 60, which is related to the decline of barrier repair function of epidermis.

There are other factors, such as low humidity, too much bathing, long-term exposure to the stimulation of detergents such as water and soap, atopic dermatitis, ichthyosis, Sjogren's syndrome, malnutrition, malnutrition, zinc deficiency, hypothyroidism, Down's syndrome, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, renal failure, liver disease, lymphoma, cancer, and certain drugs.

Common causes of dry dermatitis in children include frequent soaping baths, frequent dry-wet cycles such as lip licking, thumb sucking, and water playing, and atopic dermatitis (eczema) states.


What Symptom Does Dry Dermatitis Have

What symptom and expression does dry dermatitis have?

Dry dermatitis can occur in any part of the body, most often in the front of the calf, upper limb extensor and trunk. It presents as dry, rough skin with fine scales and sometimes fine fissures, usually with pruritus.

In people with dark skin, dry skin can reduce the luster of the skin and present in the form of white spots, known as "off-white xerosis cutis".


How To Check For Dry Dermatitis

How is dry dermatitis diagnosed?

Generally, the diagnosis can be made based on typical clinical manifestations without special examinations. However, the causes of dry dermatitis, such as atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, ichthyosis, and the like, need further evaluation.


How To Prevent Dry Dermatitis

How to prevent dry dermatitis?

Bathing: Warm water (32 ~ 40℃) is suitable, and the bathing time should not be too long, but within 5 ~ 10 minutes is the best.

You can use skin-friendly shower gel with a pH of about 6, not more than once a day, and avoid using alkaline detergent (soap) to clean the skin.

Immediately after bathing, use emollient to moisturize and moisturize skin at least twice a day.

Try to avoid the factors that cause skin dryness.

Actively treat the primary disease.


How To Treat Dry Dermatitis.

Moisturizing is very important for treating dry dermatitis. It is recommended to use moisturizer at least twice a day to keep skin smooth. When combined with inflammation or infection, topical hormone or antibiotic ointment can be used according to the situation.

In addition, it is necessary to eliminate the external factors that may induce dry dermatitis and treat the diseases that cause dry dermatitis.


What Should Dry Dermatitis Patients Pay Attention To In Their Lives?

  • If it is caused by external factors, such as frequent bathing, contact with soap, etc., after the inducement subsides, it can be cured with moisturizing;
  • If it is caused by the primary disease, the prognosis is the same as the outcome of this disease, and daily moisturizing can relieve symptoms; If skin care is improper, it may progress to severe eczema, dermatitis or infection.

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